Redistricting is the process of redrawing the boundaries of election districts to ensure that the people of each district are equally represented.
Redistricting is done in the United States after the completion of Congressional reapportionment, which decides how many seats each state has in the 435 member House of Representatives. Reapportionment happens following the Decennial Census.
In Minnesota, the state legislature has statutory responsibility for redistricting Minnesota's Congressional districts, as well as Minnesota Senate and House districts, and Metropolitan Council districts. Local governments are responsible for redistricting other election districts:
In addition, during the redistricting time period, cities and townships will establish (or reestablish) their precinct boundaries as part of the redistricting process, as will counties that have unorganized territory. For details of dates relevant to redistricting, see the Redistricting Guide.
Although it does not draw any boundaries, the Secretary of State does have some specific redistricting-related responsibilities in Minnesota Statutes: