Federally recognized Indian tribes possess certain inherent rights of self-government and entitlement to certain federal benefits, services, and protections because of the special trust relationship.
“Recognition” is a legal term meaning that the United States recognizes a government-to-government relationship with a tribe and that a tribe exists politically in a “domestic dependent nation status.” A federally recognized tribe is one that was in existence, or evolved as a successor to a tribe, at the time of original contact with non-Indians.
Tribes have the inherent right to operate under their own governmental systems. Many have adopted constitutions, while others operate under articles of association or other bodies of law, and some still have traditional systems of government. The chief executive of a tribe is generally called the tribal chairperson, but may also be called principal chief, governor, or president. The chief executive usually presides over what is typically called the tribal council. The tribal council performs the legislative function for the tribe, although some tribes require a referendum of the membership to enact laws.
Source: U.S. Department of the Interior, Office of American Indian TrustMinnesota Indian Reservations
Minnesota’s Federally Recognized Indian Tribes
Bois Forte Band of ChippewaBox 16, 5344 Lakeshore Dr., Nett Lake 55772, (800)221-8129Web site: www.boisforte.com/Tribal chair: Kevin Leecy
Fond du Lac Band of Lake Superior Chippewa1720 Big Lake Rd., Cloquet 55720, (218)879-4593Web site: www.fdlrez.com/Tribal chair: Karen R. Diver
Grand Portage Band of Chippewa Box 428, Grand Portage 55604, (218)475-2277Web site: www.grandportage.comTribal chair: Norman Deschampe
Leech Lake Band of Ojibwe115 N.W. 6th St., Suite E, Cass Lake 56633, (218)335-8200Web site: www.llojibwe.comTribal chair: George Goggleye
Lower Sioux CommunityBox 308, 39375 Cty. Hwy. 24, Morton 56270, (507)697-6185Web site: www.lowersioux.comTribal president: Shannon Blue
Mille Lacs Band of OjibweGovernment Center, 43408 Oodena Dr., Onamia 56359, (320)532-4181Web site: www.millelacsojibwe.org/Tribal chair: Melanie Benjamin
Prairie Island Indian Community 5636 Sturgeon Lake Rd., Welch 55089, (800)554-5473Web site: www.prairieisland.org/Tribal president: Audrey Bennett
Red Lake Band of Ojibwe Box 550, Red Lake 56671, Phone: (218)679-3341Web site: www.redlakenation.org/Tribal chair: Floyd (Buck) Jourdain
Shakopee-Mdewakanton Sioux (Dakota) Community2330 Sioux Tr. N.W., Prior Lake 55372, (952)445-8900Web site: www.shakopeedakota.org Tribal chair: Stanley Crooks
Upper Sioux Community Pejuhutazizi OyateBox 147, 5738 Hwy. 67 E., Granite Falls 56241, (320)564-2360Web site: www.uppersiouxcommunity-nsn.gov/Tribal chair: Kevin Jensvold
White Earth Band of OjibweBox 418, White Earth 56591, (218)983-3285Web site: www.whiteearth.comTribal chair: Erma Vizenor
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