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Minnesota Office of the Secretary of State

Key to Party Abbreviations

AC: Anderson CoalitionM-Pop:Midroad-Populist
AM: American Party of MinnesotaMnPeo:Minnesota People’s
Am: AmericanMnProg:Minnesota Progressive
AP:American PopulistMnT:Minnesota Taxpayers
BL:Better LifeNA: New Alliance
C: CommunistNER: National Economic Recovery
Cit:CitizensNGD:National Gold Democratic
CF:Christian FreedomNL:Natural Law
CP:Constitution P&F:Peace and Freedom
D: Democratic Peo: People’s
DFL: Democratic-Farmer-Labor PO: Public Ownership
D-Peo:Democratic People’sPro: Prohibition
DSF: Democratic Southern FactionProg: Progressive
FL: Farmer-LaborR: Republican 
G: GreenbackRP:Reform 
GL:Greenback LaborRPM:Reform Party Minnesota
GPM:Green Party MinnesotaS: Socialist
GRP: GrassrootsSD: Socialist Democrat
I: IndependentSE:Socialist Equality 
IDB:International Development BankSIn: Socialist Industrial 
IER:Independents for Economic RecoverySL: Socialist Labor
IG:Independent GrassrootsSW: Socialist Workers
In: Industrial U:Union
InG: Industrial GovernmentUL:Union Labor
InL: Industrial LaborUST:U.S. Taxpayers 
IR:Independent-RepublicanWC: Workers Communist
L: Libertarian WL: Workers League
MCP:McCarthy ‘76 PrincipleWW: Workers World

1860

Abraham Lincoln (R)22,069
Stephen A. Douglas (D)11,920
John C. Breckenridge (DSF)748
34,737

1864

Abraham Lincoln (R)25,055
George B. McClellan (D)17,367
42,422

1868

Ulysses S. Grant (R)43,722
Horatio Seymour (D)28,096
71,818

1872

Ulysses S. Grant (R)55,708
Horace Greeley (D)35,211
90,919

1876

Rutherford B. Hayes (R)72,955
Samuel J. Tilden (D)48,587
Peter Cooper (G)2,389
Green Clay Smith (Pro)144
124,075

1880

James A. Garfield (R)93,902
Winfield S. Hancock (D)53,315
James B. Weaver (GL)3,267
Neal Dow (Pro)286
150,770

1884

James G. Blaine (R)111,685
S. Grover Cleveland (D)70,065
John P. St. John (Pro)4,684
Benjamin F. Butler (G)3,583
190,017

1888

Benjamin H. Harrison (R)142,492
S. Grover Cleveland (D)104,385
Clinton B. Fisk (Pro)15,311
Alson J. Streeter (UL)1,097
263,285

1892

Benjamin H. Harrison (R)122,823
S. Grover Cleveland (D)100,920
James B. Weaver (Peo)29,313
John Bidwell (Pro)14,182
James B. Weaver (Fusion Electors)107,077
374,315

1896

William McKinley (R)193,503
William J. Bryan (D-Peo)130,735
Joshua Levering (Pro)4,339
John M. Palmer (NGD)3,222
Charles H. Machett (SL)954
332,753

1900

William McKinley (R)190,461
William J. Bryan (D-Peo)112,901
John G. Wooley (Pro)8,555
Eugene V. Debs (SD)3,065
Joseph R. Maloney (SL)1,329
316,311

1904

Theodore Roosevelt (R)216,651
Alton B. Parker (D)55,187
Thomas E. Watson (Peo)2,103
Eugene V. Debs (PO)11,692
Silas C. Swallow (Pro)6,253
Charles H. Corregan (SL)974
292,860

1908

William H. Taft (R)195,843
William J. Bryan (D)109,401
Eugene W. Chafin (Pro)11,107
Eugene V. Debs (PO)14,527
Thomas L. Hisgen (L) 426
331,304

1912

William H. Taft (R) 64,334
Woodrow Wilson (D)106,426
Eugene V. Debs (PO)27,505
Eugene W. Chafin (Pro)7,886
Elmer Reimer (SL)2,212
Theodore Roosevelt (Prog)125,856
334,219

1916

Charles E. Hughes (R)179,544
Woodrow Wilson (D)179,152
J. Frank Hanly (Pro) 7,793
Allan L. Benson (S)20,117
Elmer Reimer (InL) 468
Edward J. Meier (Prog)290
387,364

1920

Warren G. Harding (R)519,421
James M. Cox (D)142,994
William W. Cox (In)5,828
Eugene V. Debs (S)56,106
W. W. Watkins (Pro)11,489
735,838

1924

Calvin Coolidge (R)420,759
John W. Davis (D)55,913
Frank F. Johns (SIn) 1,855
Robert M. LaFollette (I)339,192
William Z. Foster (WC) 4,427
822,146

1928

Herbert Hoover (R)560,977
Alfred E. Smith (D) 396,451
Verne L. Reynolds (In)1,921
William Z. Foster (WC) 4,853
Norman M. Thomas (S) 6,774
970,976

1932

Herbert Hoover (R)363,959
Franklin D. Roosevelt (D)600,806
William Z. Foster (C)6,101
Norman M. Thomas (S)25,476
Jacob S. Coxey (FL)5,731
 996,915

1936

Alfred M. Landon (R)350,461
Franklin D. Roosevelt (D)698,811
John W. Aiken (In) 961
William Lemke (U)74,296
Earl R. Browder (C)2,711
Norman M. Thomas (S)2,872
1,130,112

1940

Wendell L. Wilkie (R)596,274
Franklin D. Roosevelt (D)644,196
John W. Aiken (In)2,553
Norman M. Thomas (S)5,454
Earl R. Browder (C)2,711
1,251,188

1944

Thomas E. Dewey (R)527,416
Franklin D. Roosevelt (D)589,864
Edward A. Teichert (InG)3,176
Norman M. Thomas (S)5,073
1,125,529

1948

Thomas E. Dewey (R)483,617
Harry S. Truman (DFL)692,966
Edward A. Teichert (InG)2,525
Farrell Dobbs (SW)606
Henry A. Wallace (Prog)27,866
Norman M. Thomas (S)4,646
1,212,226

1952

Dwight D. Eisenhower (R) 763,211
Adlai E. Stevenson (DFL)608,458
Eric Hass (InG)2,383
Vincent Hallinan (Prog)2,666
Farrell Dobbs (SW)618
Stuart Hamblen (Pro)2,147
1,379,483

1956

Adlai E. Stevenson (DFL)617,525
Dwight D. Eisenhower (R)719,302
Eric Hass (InG)2,080
Farrell Dobbs (SW)1,098
1,340,005

1960

John F. Kennedy (DFL)779,933
Richard M. Nixon (R) 757,915
Farrell Dobbs (SW)3,077
Eric Hass (InG) 962
1,541,887

1964

Lyndon B. Johnson (DFL)991,117
Barry M. Goldwater (R)559,624
Eric Hass (InG)2,544
Clifton DeBerry (SW) 1,177
1,554,462

1968

Richard M. Nixon (R)658,643
Hubert H. Humphrey (DFL)857,738
George C. Wallace (Am)68,931
Fred Halstead (SW)808
Henning A. Blomen (InG)285
Charlene Mitchell (C) 415
Leroy Eldridge Cleaver (P&F)935
Eugene J. McCarthy (write-in votes) 585
1,588,340

1972

Richard M. Nixon (R)898,269
George S. McGovern (DFL)802,346
Louis Fisher (InG)4,261
Linda Jenness (SW)940
Gus Hall (C)662
John G. Schmitz (Am)31,407
Benjamin M. Spock (MnPeo)2,805
1,740,690

1976

Gerald Ford (IR)819,395
Jimmy Carter (DFL)1,070,440
Peter Camejo (SW)4,149
Roger L. McBride (L)3,529
Gus Hall (C)1,092
Jules Levin (InG) 370
Thomas J. Anderson (Am)13,592
Eugene J. McCarthy (MCP)35,490
Lyndon H. LaRouche (IDB)543
Frank P. Zeidler (S)354
Margaret Wright (Peo)635
1,949,589

1980

No candidates specified (Am)6,139
Jimmy Carter (DFL)954,174
Ronald Reagan (IR) 873,241
Ed Clark (L)31,593
Clifton DeBerry (SW)711
Deidre Griswold (WW) 698
Gus Hall (C)1,184
John B. Anderson (AC)174,990
David McReynolds (S)536
Barry Commoner (Cit)  8,407
2,051,673

1984

Ronald Reagan (IR)1,032,603
Walter Mondale (DFL)1,036,364
Mel Mason (SW)3,180
David Bergland (L)2,996
Lyndon LaRouche (I)3,865
Gus Hall (C)630
Ed Winn (WL)260
Robert Bob Richards (AP)2,377
Sonia Johnson (Cit)1,219
Dennis Serette (NA)232
2,083,726

1988

George Bush (IR)962,337
Michael Dukakis (DFL)1,109,471
James Warren (SW)2,155
Lenora B. Fulani (NA)1,734
Lyndon H. LaRouche (NER)1,702
Jack Herer (GR)1,949
Ron Paul (L)5,109
Ed Winn (WL) 489
Delmar Dennis (AM)1,298
David Duke (AP)1,529
Eugene J. McCarthy (MnProg)5,403
2,093,176

1992

George Bush (IR)747,841
Bill Clinton (DFL)1,020,997
Lenora B. Fulani (NA)958
James “Bo” Gritz (Con)3,363
John Hagelin (NL)1,406
Jack Herer (GR)2,659
Lyndon H. LaRouche, Jr. (IER)622
Andre Marrou (L)3,373
Ross Perot (I)562,506
Howard Phillips (MnT)733
James Warren (SW)990
2,345,448

1996

Ross Perot (RP)257,704
Bob Dole (R) 766,476
Bill Clinton (DFL)1,120,438
John Hagelin (NL)1,808
James Harris (SW)684
Howard Phillips (UST)3,416
Harry Browne (L)8,271
Dennis Peron (GR)4,898
John Birrenbach (IG)787
Jerry White (SE)347
Ralph Nader (GPM)24,908
2,189,737

2000

Howard Phillips (CP)3,272
Albert Gore (DFL) 1,168,266
George W. Bush (R)1,109,659
James Harris, Jr. (SW)1,022
Patrick Buchanan (RPM)22,166
John Hagelin (RP)2,294
Harry Browne (L)5,282
Ralph Nader (GPM)126,696
2,438,657

2004

David Cobb (GP)4,408
George W. Bush (R)1,346,695
John F. Kerry (DFL)1,445,014
Bill Van Auken (SE)539
Roger Calero (SW)416
Thomas J. Harens (CF)2,387
Ralph Nader (BL)18,683
Michael Peroutka (CP)3,074
Michael Badnarik (L)4,639
2,825,855

Last updated: 6/1/2009 2:52:59 PM